丁往道：《英语写作基础教程》 第三版 高等教育出版社出版 2011年版。
2021年湖北文理学院专升本《英语写作》考试样卷单位 准考证号 姓名
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Part I.Choose the one answer that best completes the sentences (20 points, 1 point for each)
Directions: For each of the following blanks, four choices are given. Choose the most appropriate one.
1. Their machines ____by the end of next Friday.
A. will be repaired
B. were repaired
C. will have been repaired
D.would be repaired
2. Alice’s mother ,along with her uncle,_____in Xiang Yang one more day.
A. demanded that she stayed
B. demands that she stay
C. demands that she stays
D. demands that she would stay
3. There was nothing we could do______.
A. but to wait
B. only to wait
C. besides waiting
D. unless we waited
4. Something is wrong with my car; you’d better have it ____.
C. be repaired
D. to be repaired
5. ___or not, you are gonging to have to face him one day.
A. If you like it or not
B. However you like it
C. Whether you like it
D. No matter how you like it
6. I will let you in on the secret___you keep it to your self.
B. by the time
D. on condition that
7. Do as you are told, ____you’ll be in trouble.
D. what’s more
8. No, I don’t stay for a drink--I’m driving.___I have to get up early tomorrow.
9. I never saw her again,___it.
A. nor I regretted
B. nor did I regret
C. nor regretted I
D. nor I did regret
10. The news ___we are having a holiday is not true.
11. Will___please explain what’s going on?
B. certain person
D. some people
12. She will phone you from ___she get to by tomorrow morning.
13. Just because you are rich,____does not follow that you are happy.
14. ___is not often that you meet someone who you’re instantly attracted to.
15. Have you fixed the time____we are supposed to be at the bus stop tomorrow?
C. such as
16. During the three weeks ____,he heard several times from John.
A. that followed
C. When followed
D. As followed
17. One of her lungs is affected a little____she has to rest.
A. in that
B. so that
C. seeing that
D. such that
18. “Why can’t I go?”-----“___you are too young.”
19. How can they learn anything__they spent all their spare time watching TV?
D. so that
20. The knife is very sharp. We use it ___
A. for cutting the meat
B. to cut the meat with
C. to cut the meat with it
D. cutting the meat
Part Ⅱ. Choose a right topic sentence for each of the following paragraphs . (10 points, 5points for each one.)
Directions: For each of the paragraph, 3 choices are given. Choose the most appropriate one.
21. Para: A study found that people who rated themselves highly stressed had lower levels of stress hormones after eating chocolate every day for two weeks. The study’s subjects ate 1.4 ounces(40g) of dark chocolate daily.
A. You can eat chocolate every day.
B. Eating chocolate every day can reduce stress.
C. Certain elements in chocolate can have helpful health benefits.
22. Para: Social pressures are breaking apart more and more American homes. Over half of U.S. marriages now end in divorce. More than one in four American children are growing up in single-parent homes.
A. Families in America face many problems.
B. American children suffer a lot from their broken family.
C. People realize that problems in family life have brought about serious consequences.
Part Ⅲ Put the Following Sentences into a Coherent Paragraph. (15points, 3 points for each one.)
Directions: Rearrange the following sentences so that they will read logically. Put the letters in proper sequence in the box provided below.
A. Imitative words are words that sound like the thing or action they stand for.
B. The other one fifth is made up partly of borrowed words and partly of three other kinds of words: words from the names of peoples and places; imitative words; and invented words.
C. But there are probably more.
D. The old words which were born centuries ago in the Anglo-Saxon, Germanic and French languages make up four fifths of the English language.
E. Scholars guess that English has about 600, 000 words.
F. There is no need to say anything about these words, for they speak for themselves.
G. Ampere, volt and watt are all units of electricity, and they are named for the men who discovered them.
H. New words continue to come into the language at such a rate that no dictionary could possibly keep up with them.
Part Ⅳ Complete the passage with a proper sentence (15 points, 3 points for each one.)
Directions: There are five blanks in the following passage, and six sentences are provided, of which five sentences are chosen from the passage. Find the sentence and put it back in the original place.
Driving involves sharp eyes and keen ears，analyzing with a brain，and coordination between hands，feet and brain. A man has sharp eyes and keen ears，analyzes through his brain，and maintains coordination between his hands and brains. He can control a fast-moving car with different parts of his body. 28 Apparently there isn't anyone in the driver's cab，but there is in fact a virtual driver1. This virtual driver has eyes，brains，hands and feet too. The minicameras on each side of the car are its eyes and are responsible for observing the road conditions ahead of it as well as the traffic to its left and right. If you open the boot，you can see the most important part of the automatic driving system: a built-in computer. 29 The brain of the car is responsible for calculating the speeds objects surrounding the car are moving at2, analyzing their position on the road, choosing the right path, and giving orders to the wheel and the control system.
In comparison with the human brain, the virtual driver's best advantage is that it reacts quickly. 30 However, it takes the world's best racecar driver at least one second to react, and this doesn't include the time he needs to take action.
With its rapid reaction and accurate control，the virtual driver can reduce the accident rate on expressways considerably. In this case, is it possible for us to let it have the wheel3 at any time and in any place? 31 . With its limited ability to recognize things, the car can now only travel on expressways.
The intelligent car determines its direction by the clear lines that mark the lanes clearly and recognizes vehicles according to their regular shapes. 32 . This being the case4, people still have high hopes about driverless cars， and think highly intelligent cars are what the cars of the future should be like5.
A．Experts say that we cannot do that just yet.
B．In the near future，intelligent cars will be put into commercial operation.
C．This is the brain of the car.
D．But how does an intelligent car control itself?
E. It completes the processing of the images sent by the cameras within 100 milliseconds.
F．However, it cannot recognize moving people and bicycles on ordinary roads that have no clear markings on them.
Part Ⅴ. Writing (40 points)
(1) Directions: Write an outline on the topic “The importance of Competition”
(2) Directions: Write an exposition in NO LESS THAN 200 words based on the outline which you have written. (30 points)